You can take steps to reduce your risk for heart disease. Find out more about preventing heart disease by taking this quiz.
1. Which of these is a cause of heart disease?
C. Thickening of the inside of the arteries
D. None of the above
2. What can happen if blood flow in an artery is blocked or greatly restricted?
A. Heart palpitations
C. Heart attack
D. B and C
3. Three risk factors for heart disease can’t be controlled. Which of these are they?
A. Medication use, immunizations, alcoholism
B. Age, sex, heredity
C. Diet, drug use, smoking
D. None of the above
4. What is a borderline high level for total cholesterol?
A. 150 mg/dL
B. 175 mg/dL
C. 200 mg/dL
D. 240 mg/dL
5. What is considered “high blood pressure”?
E. C and D
6. Why can smoking lead to heart disease?
A. It causes the arteries to harden and thicken
B. It reduces HDL (“good”) cholesterol
C. It raises blood pressure
D. All of the above
7. How many minutes of daily exercise can help prevent heart disease?
A. 10 to 15 minutes
B. 20 minutes
C. 90 minutes
D. 30 to 60 minutes
8. Your risk for heart disease rises if your body mass index (BMI) is more than 24.9. Why?
A. It can increase blood pressure
B. It can increase triglycerides and lower HDL cholesterol levels
C. It can increase the risk for diabetes
D. All of the above
9. Drinking a moderate amount of alcohol is considered safe for your heart. What can happen if you drink more?
A. Too much alcohol can raise blood pressure
B. Too much alcohol can raise triglyceride levels
C. Too much alcohol lowers LDL (“bad”) cholesterol
D. A and B
10. Which of these is a classic symptom of a heart attack?
A. Crushing pain in the chest accompanied by sweating
B. Pain that spreads from the chest to the shoulders, neck, jaw or arms
C. Indigestion or heartburn, nausea and vomiting
D. Difficulty breathing
E. All of the above
1. The correct answer is C
This condition is called atherosclerosis. Fat and cholesterol build up in the arteries. This buildup is called plaque. The plaque makes the inside of the arteries narrower and stiffer, and less blood can get to the heart. The condition develops slowly and may start in childhood, according to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI). It can affect the arteries of the brain, heart, kidneys, and the arms and legs.
2. The correct answer is D
The heart and brain can be permanently damaged if they don’t receive the blood they need.
3. The correct answer is B
As you get older, your risk increases. In men, the risk increases after age 45. In women, it increases after age 55. Your risk increases if your father or brother was diagnosed with heart disease before age 55. Your risk also increases if your mother or sister was diagnosed before age 65. These are risk factors you can control: your blood pressure, cholesterol, and weight. You can cut your risk by not smoking and by getting regular exercise.
4. The correct answer is C
The amount of cholesterol in your blood is measured with a test called a lipoprotein profile. This test gives information about your total cholesterol. It also tells you about LDL (“bad”) cholesterol, which builds up in the arteries; HDL (“good”) cholesterol, which helps prevent cholesterol from building up in the arteries; and triglycerides, which can boost the risk for heart disease. Desirable cholesterol levels are less than 200 mg/dL for a total count; less than 100 mg/dL for LDL cholesterol; at least 40 mg/dL for men and 50 mg/dL for women (the higher the better) for HDL cholesterol; and less than 150 mg/dL for triglycerides. Borderline high cholesterol levels are 200 to 239 mg/dL for a total count. High cholesterol levels are 240 mg/dL or more for a total count.
5. The correct answer is E
Both numbers in a blood pressure reading are important. If one or both are high, you have high blood pressure. “Prehypertension” is blood pressure between 120 and 139 for the top number, or between 80 and 89 for the bottom number. A blood pressure in this range makes it more likely that you will develop high blood pressure unless you take steps to prevent it. Doctors divide high blood pressure into two levels, Stage 1 and Stage 2. Stage 1 high blood pressure is a top number of 140 to 159 or a bottom number of 90 to 99. Stage 2 is a top number of 160 or higher or a bottom number of 100 or higher. Your heart must work harder than normal when your blood pressure is high. If this occurs for an extended time, the heart can enlarge and arteries can become scarred and hardened.
6. The correct answer is D
Smoking also makes it more likely for blood clots to form.
7. The correct answer is D
For healthy adults ages 18 to 65, one option the American Heart Association (AHA) recommends is to do 30 to 60 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise five days a week to keep their heart healthy. Brisk walking, swimming leisurely, basketball (shooting around), and ballroom dancing are good choices. Be sure to talk with your doctor before beginning a new exercise program.
8. The correct answer is D
A BMI of 25 or higher means that you are overweight. A BMI of 30 or higher means that you are obese. Losing weight may help you prevent heart disease, stroke, and diabetes. Besides helping your heart, maintaining a healthy weight has many other benefits.
9. The correct answer is D
Too much alcohol can damage the liver and heart, lead to high blood pressure, raise triglycerides, and increase weight, the NHLBI says. Moderate drinking is no more than two drinks a day for a man and no more than one drink a day for a woman. One drink is 12 ounces of beer, 4 ounces of wine, or 1-1/2 ounces of 80-proof spirits. According to the AHA, some studies have shown a small increase in HDL cholesterol with moderate use of alcohol. This extra HDL cholesterol can remove some of the LDL cholesterol. It can also decrease hardening of the arteries. If you don’t drink alcohol, don’t start drinking to get the benefits of alcohol. You can get same the benefits through exercise and a healthy diet.
10. The correct answer is E
Call 911 immediately if you or someone you’re with has these symptoms. According to the AHA, chest pain or discomfort is the most common symptom of a heart attack for both men and women. Nausea and vomiting, back or jaw pain, and especially shortness of breath may be more likely in women than men.