Lung Cancer in Women: The Facts Will Take Your Breath Away

Guest column, submitted by Allison Moroni, Lung Health Manager at the American Lung Association of the Mountain Pacific

We recognize the pink ribbon for breast cancer and the red dress for women’s heart health. Yet lung cancer takes the lives of more than 150,000 people each year- more than colon, breast and prostate cancers combined- and in 1987 surpassed breast cancer as the leading cause of cancer deaths in women. In the past 35 years, lung cancer rates have increased a dramatic 116 percent in women. But there’s a good chance you can’t recall a ribbon or symbol for it.

The lung cancer five-year survival rate is a dismal 16.3 percent- considerably lower than many other leading cancers including breast (90 percent), colon (65.2 percent) and prostate (99.9 percent). Tragically, more than half of those with lung cancer die within one year of diagnosis, due to the cancer frequently being found in its most lethal end stages. Currently only 15 percent of lung cancer is detected in the early, more treatable stages, mainly because the disease presents few symptoms. If symptoms are present, they can include:

  • A cough that doesn’t go away and gets worse over time
  • Hoarseness
  • Constant chest pain
  • Shortness of breath, or wheezing
  • Frequent lung infections, such as bronchitis or pneumonia
  • Coughing up blood

Until recently there has been no widely accepted screening tool to detect lung cancer at an early stage. There is now growing consensus that an annual low-dose CT screening should be recommended for individuals at high risk for lung cancer, and the American Lung Association has created an online tool, found at, to help people determine if they meet the guidelines. Visitors answer simple yes/no questions that lead to a recommendation for a low-dose CT scan or not based on personal history and risk factors.  A high-risk candidate is a current or former smoker age 55-79 who smoked the equivalent of 30 pack years (a pack a day for 30 years or 2 packs a day for 15 years) and has smoked within the past 15 years. If this screening were widely implemented, 3,000 to 4,000 lives could be saved every year.

Yet we can’t forget that lung cancer can strike in those who have never smoked and lead healthy and active lifestyles. Exposure to radon, a colorless and odorless gas that occurs naturally in soil and can enter buildings through cracks and gaps, is the second-leading cause of lung cancer, accounting for around 20,000 deaths each year. Secondhand smoke and occupational respiratory hazards can also cause lung cancer. We encourage all women to contact their primary care physician if they find themselves short of breath in an activity that used to be easy, or have any of the symptoms listed above

If you are a lung cancer patient or survivor, or lost a loved one to lung cancer, and want to join the American Lung Association in their fight to get lung cancer the attention and research funding necessary to save more lives, contact Allison Moroni at or 206-512-3294.

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Recognizing the Early Signs of Autism


Autism Speaks, the world’s leading autism science and advocacy organization, stresses the importance of recognizing the early signs of autism and seeking early intervention services. Recent research confirms that appropriate screening can determine whether a child is at risk for autism as young as one year. While every child develops differently, we also know that early treatment improves outcomes, often dramatically. Studies show, for example, that early intensive behavioral intervention improves learning, communication and social skills in young children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD).

One of the most important things you can do as a parent or caregiver is to learn the early signs of autism and become familiar with the typical developmental milestones that your child should be reaching.

The following “red flags” may indicate your child is at risk for an autism spectrum disorder. If your child exhibits any of the following, please don’t delay in asking your pediatrician or family doctor for an evaluation:
• No big smiles or other warm, joyful expressions by six months or thereafter 
• No back-and-forth sharing of sounds, smiles or other facial expressions by nine months 
• No babbling by 12 months 
• No back-and-forth gestures such as pointing, showing, reaching or waving by 12 months 
• No words by 16 months 
• No meaningful, two-word phrases (not including imitating or repeating) by 24 months 
• Any loss of speech, babbling or social skills at any age

The M-CHAT (Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers) can help you determine if a professional should evaluate your child. This simple online autism screen, available on the Autism Speaks website, takes only a few minutes. If the answers suggest your child is at risk for autism, please consult with your child’s doctor. Likewise, if you have any other concerns about your child’s development, don’t wait. Speak to your doctor now about screening your child for autism.

You can learn more about how to recognize the signs of an autism using Autism Speaks’ Video Glossary. It contains over a hundred video clips illustrating typical and delayed development. Whether you are a parent, caregiver, relative or friend, it can help you learn the subtle differences and spot the early red flags for ASD.


If you suspect autism please contact your primary care physician or Valley Medical Center’s Pediatric Neurology Clinic at 425.917.6218.

For more information about autism visit the Autism Speaks website.


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